A Beginner’s Guide to Sewing

If you are learning to use a sewing machine for the first time or trying to refresh those old sewing skills then go through our sewing machine guide for beginners. Learning to sew can be both fun & entertaining. But before you can begin to sew there are some essentials that one must have. They are:

  • A comfortable handled shear
  • Sewing scissors
  • Pinking shears
  • Thread clipper
  • Retractable Tape measure
  • 30 cm ruler
  • Some tailor’s chalk pencils
  • Pins
  • Pincushion
  • Spools of thread
  • Seam ripper
  • Three spare bobbins
  • Buttons
  • A plastic sewing box
  • 5 universal machine needles

Other things which may come in handy while sewing are an Ironing board, your sewing machine instruction booklet & a sewing book.

Choose the Right Needles & Thread


Choosing the right needles for the work is important. Sewing needles comes in different sizes. Technically speaking there are two types of sewing needles available. Imperial sizes go from 9 to 18 & metric sizes go from 65 to 110. In both these types larger the number bigger the needle is. So, you have to choose the right size of needle keeping the type of fabric in mind. For example if you are using a small needle on thick fabric then the needle might break under pressure or it may not at all pierce the fabric. So there is need to choose the right kind of needle for the fabric you are using.


Various types of sewing threads are available in the market. They are cotton, polycotton, polyester, silk, heavy duty. Again as with needles the thread you choose depends upon the fabric you are using. With threads also keep in mind the color of the fabric while choosing them.

Sewing a Seam

Sewing a seam is one of the most common sewing tasks you will perform. Sewing seams which are even & straight is the easiest thing you can do. Here you will learn to sew a plain seam. First pin the two pieces of fabric you are sewing with the right sides together. You need to ensure that edges as well as patterns or markings of your fabric are matched up properly. Start sewing at the required distance from the fabric edges. When you reach the end of a seam press the button that makes the needle go backwards. Sew 5-6 stitches this way to prevent the seam from coming off.
Sewing around the corners is a beginner’s worst nightmare. When you reach a corner, slow down, leave the needle there. Then lift your foot from the presser, turn the fabric in the direction you want to sew & start sewing again.

Developing Patterns

Patterns can both be bought or created by you. To create a pattern, start with designs which are listed as easy, very easy or whose sewing times are 1 to 2 hours. Correct measurement of a pattern is also important. Choose a pattern by your measurement & not by your ready to wear size since they may not be the same size. Read the sewing instructions carefully before beginning.

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